【GMAT】AWA満点とるコツと回答例を公開【テンプレートにもなるよ】

まめです (@mameoisiiyo)。

GMATのVerbalとMathはめちゃくちゃ苦労した私ですが、AWAはツボにはまったのか、わりとサクッと満点とることができました。

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私のWritingスペックとしては、TOEFL Writing 25、IELTS Writing 6.5なので特別にWritingが得意というわけではありません。それでも苦労せず満点とれたのは良いテンプレートと共にちょっとしたコツを掴んでいたからだと思います。

「AWAは4.5以上あれば十分」という意見も見かけますが、どうせならあと少しコツを掴んで、サクッと6.0取っちゃいましょう!

GMAT AWA満点とるために意識しておきたいポイント

AWAは減点方式なので簡単な英語を使う

TOEFLやIELTSと違い、GMATのAWAは英語力を問う試験ではありません。あくまでロジックが問われます。無駄にかっこいい英語表現を使ってミスるくらいなら使わない方が良いです。パラフレーズも重要ではありません。100%使用方法が正しいと自信を持って言える英語表現のみを駆使することが重要です。

突っ込む文章を3つ見つける

AWAの問題文には「突っ込みどころ」が必ずあります。そこを「3か所」見つけて、3つのBody paragraphを作ります。突っ込む文章を見つけたら、下手にパラフレーズとかせず、コピペしましょう。なお、技術的な面で一言言っておくと、本番試験では「問題文のコピペ」はできませんが、「自分が書いたエッセイのコピペ」は可能です。第一パラグラフに持ってくる「突っ込む文章」を正しくタイピングすることを心掛けましょう。コピペ元がタイピングミスで間違えていると、後でコピペしていったときに全てが間違えているという大惨事が起きますw

https://www.mameoisiiyo.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/plofile_icon.jpg
まめ

私はコピペ元がタイポしていて、試験中に一人で大炎上したことがあります。まじで燃えました。

突っ込み方に一貫性はなくて良い

突っ込む文章を3つ見つけたら突っ込むわけですが、突っ込み方に一貫性がなくても大丈夫です。3つのBodyの主張は「Authorはこれこれを説明すべきだ」であり、Conclusionは「Authorがこれこれを説明していたら議論はもっと強くなるはずだ」となるので、Bodyの主張がとっ散らかってても大丈夫です。

新規の文章はなるべく書かない。コピペで対応

新規の文章書くのは時間がかかります。Bodyで書いた文章をコピペしてConclusionを作ればOKです。

AWA 6.0とった私が直前に書いたサンプルエッセイ

ごちゃごちゃ説明するよりも実際のエッセイを見てみると「アーッ!簡単じゃん」ってなると思います。下記に私がGMAT AWA 6.0をとる直前に書いていた生エッセイを公開しておきます。

複数あるのですが、一つのエッセイをじっくり眺めた方が身になると思いますので一つに絞って載せておきます。あと、先に申し上げておきますが、下記のサンプルエッセイはMBA受験生達にお見せするのが恥ずかしいくらいのレベルのものです。。どうかご容赦を。

ただ、これでも本番でも満点とれているので、この程度で良いのだと思います。もしこれ以上にイケてる回答してるのに6.0がとれていない場合は、どこかで減点されている可能性があります。

※ネイティブチェックは入っておりません。あくまで、「エッセイの構造」と「反論のコツ」を掴む目的でご参照くださいませ。

問題

Read the statement(s) and the instructions that follow, and then make any notes that will help you plan your response. Begin typing your response in the box at the bottom of the screen.
The following appeared in a corporate memorandum of a beverage manufacturer:

Our promotional price reductions on energy drinks have been highly successful, as we have seen a dramatic increase in unit sales. Further, surveys of our consumers indicate that this promotion was favorably received by the majority of our customers. Therefore, to improve our company’s profitability and enhance its perception in the eyes of consumers, similar price reductions should be offered on all drinks produced by our firm.”

Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. Point out flaws in the argument’s logic and analyze the argument’s underlying assumptions. In addition, evaluate how supporting evidence is used and what evidence might counter the argument’s conclusion. You may also discuss what additional evidence could be used to strengthen the argument or what changes would make the argument more logically sound.

GMAT公式問題集2019
  • 赤:問題文のコピペ
  • :1文目は自分で考える。それ以降はコピペ
  • その他:テンプレート&自分で考える文章

回答例

The author has made several assumptions but failed to provide enough explanations about these assumptions. The author states our promotional price reductions on energy drinks have been highly successful, as we have seen a dramatic increase in unit sales. The author states surveys of our consumers indicate that this promotion was favorably received by the majority of our customers. The author states to improve our company’s profitability and enhance its perception in the eyes of consumers, similar price reductions should be offered on all drinks produced by our firm. However, the missing explanations do not make the author’s argument a persuasive one. Let me explain what I mean.

First of all, the author states our promotional price reductions on energy drinks have been highly successful, as we have seen a dramatic increase in unit sales. However, the author did not mention exactly how they could be successful in terms of profits they could earn. It is entirely possible that their profits would remain unchanged despite the increase in sales. For instance, the promotional price reductions were so significant that they could not earn larger profits. The author’s argument will be more persuasive if the author illustrates exactly how they could be successful in terms of profits they could earn.

Secondly, the author states surveys of our consumers indicate that this promotion was favorably received by the majority of our customers. However, the author did not mention reactions from shoppers who were not their current customers. It is entirely possible that attracting plenty of such shoppers is crucially important for them to be successful in their promotional activity. For instance, young people might be their ideal target customers as they tend to share their positive experiences on social networking sites. The author’s argument will be more persuasive if the author illustrates reactions from shoppers who were not their current customers.

Lastly, the author states to improve our company’s profitability and enhance its perception in the eyes of consumers, similar price reductions should be offered on all drinks produced by our firm. However, the author did not mention exactly why doing so would be effective to achieve their goals. It is entirely possible that the promotional activity works only for their certain popular drinks but not for the other ones. For instance, the tastes and flavors of their unpopular drinks are so terrible that the majority of shoppers will not purchase even though their prices are decreased. The author’s argument will be more persuasive if the author illustrates exactly why doing so would be effective to achieve their goals.

The author has made several assumptions but failed to provide enough explanations about these assumptions. The author needs to explain exactly how they could be successful in terms of profits. The author needs to explain reactions from shoppers who were not their current customers. The author needs to explain exactly why doing so would be effective to achieve their goals. If the author illustrates the needed information, the conclusion will be more persuasive.


こんな感じのエッセイ書いてても、本番で満点とれました。GMAT AWAは本当にコツです。最速で駆け抜けて、VerbalとMathに集中する時間を作りましょう!

GMATのVerbal&Mathの勉強方法については下記にまとめております。合わせてご覧くださいませ。

白紙の紙とペン画像【まとめ】GMAT対策!私が苦労から学んだ「こうしておけばよかったな」と思う勉強法
まめ
まめ

Twitterでも情報配信しているのでもしよかったらフォローよろしくお願いします。
「記事が役立ったよ」と思ったら是非「いいね」頂けるととても嬉しいです!励みになります。